comparision of two XMl document in JAVA

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asked Nov 5, 2013 in JAVA by john (4,220 points)

Hi All

  How to compare two xml Document in java?

please provide some samle code for this comparsion..

1 Answer

0 votes
answered Nov 5, 2013 by kalpana (3,995 points)
import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.util.LinkedHashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilder;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory;

import org.w3c.dom.Document;
import org.w3c.dom.NamedNodeMap;
import org.w3c.dom.Node;

public class XmlDiff 
{
    private boolean nodeTypeDiff = true;
    private boolean nodeValueDiff = true;

    public boolean diff( String xml1, String xml2, List<String> diffs ) throws Exception
    {
        DocumentBuilderFactory dbf = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
        dbf.setNamespaceAware(true);
        dbf.setCoalescing(true);
        dbf.setIgnoringElementContentWhitespace(true);
        dbf.setIgnoringComments(true);
        DocumentBuilder db = dbf.newDocumentBuilder();


        Document doc1 = db.parse(new ByteArrayInputStream(xml1.getBytes()));
        Document doc2 = db.parse(new ByteArrayInputStream(xml2.getBytes()));

        doc1.normalizeDocument();
        doc2.normalizeDocument();

        return diff( doc1, doc2, diffs );

    }

    /**
     * Diff 2 nodes and put the diffs in the list 
     */
    public boolean diff( Node node1, Node node2, List<String> diffs ) throws Exception
    {
        if( diffNodeExists( node1, node2, diffs ) )
        {
            return true;
        }

        if( nodeTypeDiff )
        {
            diffNodeType(node1, node2, diffs );
        }

        if( nodeValueDiff )
        {
            diffNodeValue(node1, node2, diffs );
        }


        System.out.println(node1.getNodeName() + "/" + node2.getNodeName());

        diffAttributes( node1, node2, diffs );
        diffNodes( node1, node2, diffs );

        return diffs.size() > 0;
    }

    /**
     * Diff the nodes
     */
    public boolean diffNodes( Node node1, Node node2, List<String> diffs ) throws Exception
    {
        //Sort by Name
        Map<String,Node> children1 = new LinkedHashMap<String,Node>();      
        for( Node child1 = node1.getFirstChild(); child1 != null; child1 = child1.getNextSibling() )
        {
            children1.put( child1.getNodeName(), child1 );
        }

        //Sort by Name
        Map<String,Node> children2 = new LinkedHashMap<String,Node>();      
        for( Node child2 = node2.getFirstChild(); child2!= null; child2 = child2.getNextSibling() )
        {
            children2.put( child2.getNodeName(), child2 );
        }

        //Diff all the children1
        for( Node child1 : children1.values() )
        {
            Node child2 = children2.remove( child1.getNodeName() );
            diff( child1, child2, diffs );
        }

        //Diff all the children2 left over
        for( Node child2 : children2.values() )
        {
            Node child1 = children1.get( child2.getNodeName() );
            diff( child1, child2, diffs );
        }

        return diffs.size() > 0;
    }


    /**
     * Diff the nodes
     */
    public boolean diffAttributes( Node node1, Node node2, List<String> diffs ) throws Exception
    {        
        //Sort by Name
        NamedNodeMap nodeMap1 = node1.getAttributes();
        Map<String,Node> attributes1 = new LinkedHashMap<String,Node>();        
        for( int index = 0; nodeMap1 != null && index < nodeMap1.getLength(); index++ )
        {
            attributes1.put( nodeMap1.item(index).getNodeName(), nodeMap1.item(index) );
        }

        //Sort by Name
        NamedNodeMap nodeMap2 = node2.getAttributes();
        Map<String,Node> attributes2 = new LinkedHashMap<String,Node>();        
        for( int index = 0; nodeMap2 != null && index < nodeMap2.getLength(); index++ )
        {
            attributes2.put( nodeMap2.item(index).getNodeName(), nodeMap2.item(index) );

        }

        //Diff all the attributes1
        for( Node attribute1 : attributes1.values() )
        {
            Node attribute2 = attributes2.remove( attribute1.getNodeName() );
            diff( attribute1, attribute2, diffs );
        }

        //Diff all the attributes2 left over
        for( Node attribute2 : attributes2.values() )
        {
            Node attribute1 = attributes1.get( attribute2.getNodeName() );
            diff( attribute1, attribute2, diffs );
        }

        return diffs.size() > 0;
    }
    /**
     * Check that the nodes exist
     */
    public boolean diffNodeExists( Node node1, Node node2, List<String> diffs ) throws Exception
    {
        if( node1 == null && node2 == null )
        {
            diffs.add( getPath(node2) + ":node " + node1 + "!=" + node2 + "\n" );
            return true;
        }

        if( node1 == null && node2 != null )
        {
            diffs.add( getPath(node2) + ":node " + node1 + "!=" + node2.getNodeName() );
            return true;
        }

        if( node1 != null && node2 == null )
        {
            diffs.add( getPath(node1) + ":node " + node1.getNodeName() + "!=" + node2 );
            return true;
        }

        return false;
    }

    /**
     * Diff the Node Type
     */
    public boolean diffNodeType( Node node1, Node node2, List<String> diffs ) throws Exception
    {       
        if( node1.getNodeType() != node2.getNodeType() ) 
        {
            diffs.add( getPath(node1) + ":type " + node1.getNodeType() + "!=" + node2.getNodeType() );
            return true;
        }

        return false;
    }

    /**
     * Diff the Node Value
     */
    public boolean diffNodeValue( Node node1, Node node2, List<String> diffs ) throws Exception
    {       
        if( node1.getNodeValue() == null && node2.getNodeValue() == null )
        {
            return false;
        }

        if( node1.getNodeValue() == null && node2.getNodeValue() != null )
        {
            diffs.add( getPath(node1) + ":type " + node1 + "!=" + node2.getNodeValue() );
            return true;
        }

        if( node1.getNodeValue() != null && node2.getNodeValue() == null )
        {
            diffs.add( getPath(node1) + ":type " + node1.getNodeValue() + "!=" + node2 );
            return true;
        }

        if( !node1.getNodeValue().equals( node2.getNodeValue() ) )
        {
            diffs.add( getPath(node1) + ":type " + node1.getNodeValue() + "!=" + node2.getNodeValue() );
            return true;
        }

        return false;
    }


    /**
     * Get the node path
     */
    public String getPath( Node node )
    {
        StringBuilder path = new StringBuilder();

        do
        {           
            path.insert(0, node.getNodeName() );
            path.insert( 0, "/" );
        }
        while( ( node = node.getParentNode() ) != null );

        return path.toString();
    }
}
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